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Budeč pilgrimage 2014 Dáša & Jan Josef

28. 6. 2014

A 2014 pilgrimage to Budeč St Peter & St Paul church, where St Wenceslaus had prayed and studied. According to this saint has name the famous Wenceslas Square in Prague.

I have made the pilgrimage with my friend Dáša on 28th of June 2014.

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Longman and other resources

pilgrim is a person, who makes a journey to some sacred place as an act ofreligious devotion

pilgrimage is a journey made by a pilgrim

to pilgrimize (an archaic verb) to make a pilgrimage

Oxford Dictionary

pilgrim, noun (ˈpɪlgrɪm)

Forms: 2–4 pilegrim, 3 pele-, pillegrim, 4 pylegrym, pylgrime, pilgerim, Sc. pilgram, pilgerame, 4–6 pilgrym(e, -grame, pylgrim, 4–7 pilgrime, 5–6 pylgreme, -grym(e, 6 pyl-, pilgrem, pilgrum, 4– pilgrim. β. 4 pilegrin, 6 pilgrin, Sc. -gren.

[Early ME. pelegrim, pilegrim, repr. OF. *pelegrin, antecedent form to pèlerin (11th c. in Littré) = Pr. pelegrin, Cat. pelegri, peregri, It. pellegrino, Sp. peregrino:—L. peregrīn-um one that comes from foreign parts, a stranger, f. peregrē adv., from abroad, abroad, pereger that is abroad or on a journey, f. per through + ager field, country, land: see peregrine. In Romanic, peregrino became, by dissimilation of r…r, pelegrino, pelegrin, whence F. pèlerin. In Eng. (rarely in OF.), final n became m, making pelegrim, pilegrim, pilgrim (cf. OHG. piligrīm), also pelrimage: see pilgrimage. (Gower has also the later Fr. form, pelerin.)]

A.A Illustration of Forms.

α    c 1200 Pilegrim [see B. 1].    c 1205 Lay. 30736 Þe pillegrim hine talde Al þat he wolde.    Ibid. 30744 Brien‥saide þet he wes pelegrim Ah pic nefden he nan mid him.    13‥ Cursor M. 17288 + 339 (Cott.) Art þou not a pilgrim þat walkes here in land?    c 1375 Sc. Leg. Saints iii. (Andreas) 1001 Thane come a pylgrime sodanly.    Ibid. 1056 Quhen þe pilgram had herd þis.    Ibid. xxvii. (Machor) 1218 He as pilgerame thocht at Rome to be.    1382 Wyclif Heb. xi. 13 For thei ben pilgrymes [1388 pilgryms], and herborid men vpon the erthe.    ― 1 Pet. ii. 11, I beseche you, as comelynges and pilgrimes [1388 pilgrymys].    c 1440 Promp. Parv. 398/2 Pylgreme‥peregrinus.    1500–20 Dunbar Poems lxxiii. 9 Walk furth, pilgrame.    1530 Palsgr. 254/1 Pylgryme, pellerin.    1535 Coverdale 2 Esdras xvi. 40 Be euen as pylgrems vpon earth.    1563 Winȝet Wks. (S.T.S.) II. 16 It apperis to me, the Pilgrum.

β    1390 Gower Conf. I. 110 Two pilegrins of so gret age.    a 1600 J. Burel Pilgr. in J. Watson Collect. (1709) ii. 22 Bot I who wes ane pure Pilgren And half an Stronimeir.

B.B Signification.

1.B.1 One who travels from place to place; a person on a journey; a wayfarer, a traveller; a wanderer; a sojourner. (Now poet. or rhet. in general sense.)

   c 1200 Vices & Virtues 35 Swa doð pilegrimes ðe lateþ her awen eard, and fareð in to oðre lande.    a 1300 Cursor M. 6835 (Cott.) To pilgrime and to vncuth Þou ber þe wit þi dedis cuth.    c 1330 R. Brunne Chron. Wace (Rolls) 15066 Ȝe are of so fer contre, And als pylegryms.    1382 Wyclif Luke xxiv. 18 Thou aloone ert a pilgrym of Jerusalem.    1483 Cath. Angl. 278/1 A Pilgrame, peregrinus,‥extraneus, exoticus.    1582 Stanyhurst Æneis i. (Arb.) 17 Lyke wandring pilgrim too famosed Italie trudging.    1727–46 Thomson Summer 964 A suffocating wind the pilgrim smites With instant death.    1764 Goldsm. Trav. 197 And haply too some pilgrim, thither led, With many a tale repays the nightly bed.    1840 Dickens Old C. Shop xv, The two pilgrims‥pursued their way in silence.    a 1850 Rossetti Dante & Circle i. (1874) 106 Any man may be called a pilgrim who leaveth the place of his birth.

2.B.2 spec. One who journeys (usually a long distance) to some sacred place, as an act of religious devotion; one who makes a pilgrimage. (The prevailing sense.)

   a 1225 Ancr. R. 350 Oðre pilegrimes goð mid swinke uorte sechen one holie monnes bones, ase Sein James oðer Sein Giles.    1362 Langl. P. Pl. A. Prol. 46 Pilgrimes and Palmers‥For to seche Seint Ieme and seintes at Roome; Wenten forþ in heore wey.    c 1386 Chaucer Prol. 26 Pilgrimes were they alle That toward Caunterbury wolden ryde.    1456 Sir G. Haye Law Arms (S.T.S.) 238 All pilgrymes to quhat voyage that ever thai pas in the service of God and his sanctis, thay ar all in the protectioun and salvegarde of the pape.    1560 J. Daus tr. Sleidane's Comm. 341 b, At the same time were very manye Pilgrimes at Rome,‥to thentent they might‥receiue cleane remission and forgeuenes of theyr sinnes.    1596 Shakes. 1 Hen. IV, i. ii. 140 There are Pilgrimes going to Canterbury with rich Offerings, and Traders riding to London with fat Purses.    1764 Burn Poor Laws 205 Pilgrims were licensed to wander, and beg by the way, to render their devotions at the shrines of dead men.    1841 Lane Arab. Nts. I. 26 Pilgrims returning from the holy places bring water of Zemzem, dust from the Prophet's tomb.

3.B.3 fig. (chiefly in allegorical religious use: cf. pilgrimage n. 1 c).

   a 1225 Ancr. R. 350 Þeo pilegrimes þet goð touward heouene, heo goð forte beon isonted, & forte iuinden God sulf.    1340–70 Alex. & Dind. 983 For erþe is nouht our eritage‥But we ben pore pilegrimus put in þis worde.    1382 [see A. α].    c 1430 Lydg. Min. Poems (Percy Soc.) 122 To erthely pilgrymes that passen to and froo, Fortune shewithe‥How this world is a thurghefare ful of woo.    1526 Tindale Heb. xi. 13 They‥confessed that they were straungers and pilgrems [Wyclif pilgrymes and herborid men] on the erthe.    1678 Bunyan (title) The Pilgrim's Progress from this World to That which is to come.    Ibid. i. 90, I was a Pilgrim, going to the Cœlestial City.    1732 Law Serious C. i. (ed. 2) 8 To live as Pilgrims in Spiritual Watching.    1838 Emerson Addr., Lit. Ethics Wks. (Bohn) II. 206 A divine pilgrim in nature, all things attend his steps.

4.B.4 Amer. Hist. Name given in later times to those English Puritans who founded the colony of Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. Now usually Pilgrim Fathers.
   Governor Bradford in 1630 wrote of his company as ‘pilgrims’ in the spiritual sense (sense 3) referring to Heb. xi. 13. The same phraseology was repeated by Cotton Mather and others, and became familiar in New England. In 1798 a Feast of the ‘Sons’ or ‘Heirs of the Pilgrims’ was held at Boston on 22 Dec., at which the memory of ‘the Fathers’ was celebrated. With the frequent juxtaposition of the names Pilgrims, Fathers, Heirs or Sons of the Pilgrims, and the like, at these anniversary feasts, ‘Pilgrim Fathers’ naturally arose as a rhetorical phrase, and gradually grew to be a historical designation.

   [1630 Bradford Hist. Plymouth Colony 36 They knew they were but pilgrimes, & looked not much on those things; but lift vp their eyes to ye heauens, their dearest cuntrie.    1654 E. Johnson Wond.-w. Prov. 216 Yet were these pilgrim people minded of the suddain forgetfulness of those worthies that died not long before.    1702 C. Mather Magn. Chr. i. i. §4 They took their leave of the pleasant City [Leyden], where they had been Pilgrims and Strangers now for Eleven Years.    Ibid. ii. i. §1 They found‥a New World‥in which they found that they must live like Strangers and Pilgrims.    1793 C. Robbins Serm. 29 But they knew they were pilgrimes.]    1798 Columbian Centinel 26 Dec. 2/4 The Feast of the ‘Sons of the Pilgrims’.    Ibid. 29 Dec. 2/4 ‘The Heirs of the Pilgrims’ Celebrated on Saturday Dec. 22, the 177th Anniversary of the landing of their Forefathers at Plymouth Rock‥the day of the nativity of New-England.    1892 Nation (N.Y.) 21 Apr., What shall we say to the descendants of the Pilgrims, and the Signers,‥who are happy and content under his [Croker's] sway?

   1799 Columbian Centinel 25 Dec. 3 An Ode [by Samuel Davis], in honor of the Fathers, was sung‥by the company to the tune of Old Hundred.‥ It concluded with the following verse:—Hail Pilgrim Fathers of our race, With grateful hearts your toils we trace, Oft as this votive Day returns, We'll pay due honors to your urns.    1801 Ibid. 23 Dec. 2/4 ‘Sons of the Pilgrims.’ Yesterday, the anniversary of the landing of our Pilgrim Fathers, at Plymouth, in 1620, was celebrated.    1813 J. Davis Disc. 3 To look back to the origin of our state, and to revive‥the transactions and the toils of our pilgrim fathers, who, at such a season, first landed on these shores.    1820 J. Thacher Hist. Plymouth (1832) 246 The present year closes the second century since the pilgrim fathers first landed on our shores.    1828 Mrs. Hemans (title) The Landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in New England.    1841 Alex. Young (title) Chronicles of the Pilgrim Fathers of the Colony of Plymouth, from 1602 to 1625.    1853 Marsden Early Purit. 295 The May-flower and the Speedwell‥in which the exiles of Leyden, the pilgrim fathers, embarked upon their voyage.

5.B.5 U.S. and Colonial. An original settler; a new-comer, a recent immigrant (also said of animals).

   1841 W. L. MacCalla Adventures in Texas 46 After such an address from a citizen of that calumniated country Texas to a shattered old pilgrim, I took the liberty of withdrawing to another apartment.    1851 in W. Pratt Colonial Experiences 234 (Morris) [In the ‘Dream of a Shagroon’, which bore the date‥April 1851,‥the term] ‘pilgrim’ [was first applied to the settlers].    1865 M. A. Barker Station Life N. Zealand iii. (1874) 20 Fifteen years ago a few sheds received the ‘Pilgrims’, as the first comers are always called.    1867 J. F. Meline Two Thousand Miles on Horseback 22 The term Pilgrims for emigrants first came into use at the period of the heavy Mormon travel—the Mormons styling themselves ‘Pilgrims to the promised land of Utah’.    1885 Rep. Indian Affairs (U.S.) 120 This, we think, is a very fair crop of calves considering the fact that the cattle were what is called ‘pilgrim’ cattle (cattle for the States that had never passed through a winter before without being housed and fed).    1887 L. Swinburne in Scribner's Mag. II. 508/1 ‘Pilgrim’ and ‘tenderfoot’ were formerly applied almost exclusively to newly imported cattle,‥they are usually used to designate all new-comers, tourists, and business-men.    1888 Century Mag. Feb. 509/1 Those herds consisting of pilgrims,‥animals driven up on to the range from the South, and therefore in poor condition.    1903 Daily Chron. 30 Mar. 5/2 Sir John Hall‥was one of the original ‘Canterbury pilgrims’, as the first settlers in the New Zealand province founded under the auspices of the Church of England were styled.    1942 E. E. Dale Cow Country 194 They mingled with ‘drift cattle’ from Kansas or with the trail herds of ‘pilgrim cattle’ from Texas.    1943 J. K. Howard Montana 139 They were for the most part ‘pilgrims’ who remained and were ‘made into hands’.

6.B.6 A peregrine falcon: see peregrine A. 4.

   1866 Morn. Star 4 Aug., Sparrow hawks, gerfalcons, hobbies, pilgrims, vultures, and merlins.

7.B.7 ‘A term given about 1765 to an appendage of silk, fixed to the back of a lady's bonnet, by way of covering the neck, when walking’ (Fairholt Costume in Eng. (1860) Gloss.): cf. pelerine.

8.B.8 attrib. and Comb. a.B.8.a attrib. (sometimes quasi-adj.) That is a pilgrim; going on pilgrimage; consisting of pilgrims; of, pertaining or relating to a pilgrim or pilgrims: as pilgrim chief, pilgrim city, pilgrim foot, pilgrim garland, pilgrim life, pilgrim man, pilgrim monk, pilgrim poet, pilgrim sheet, pilgrim soul, pilgrim spirit, pilgrim state, pilgrim step, pilgrim throng, pilgrim trade, pilgrim traffic, pilgrim train, pilgrim warrior, pilgrim weed; pilgrim-cloak, pilgrim-staff (pilgrim-stave), pilgrim-tax. Also pilgrim-like adj. and adv., pilgrim-monger, pilgrim-wise adv., pilgrim-worn adj.

   1805 Scott Last Minstr. vi. xxviii, When *pilgrim-chiefs, in sad array, Sought Melrose' holy shrine.

   1823 Mrs. Hemans Vespers Palermo i. i, He folds around him His *pilgrim-cloak.

   1382 Wyclif Zeph. i. 8 Clothid with *pilgrim [gloss or straunge] clothing [L. veste peregrina].

   1878 Browning La Saisiaz 325 Sward my *pilgrim-foot can prize.

   1860 Pusey Min. Proph. 591 Their *pilgrim-life from the passage of the Red Sea.

   1574 Newton Health Mag. Epist. 7 Dwelling (*Pylgrymlike) in the bodies of all men, women, and fourfooted beastes.

   1715 M. Davies Athen. Brit. I. 284 As the *Pilgrim-Monger Mr. Medcalf undauntedly own'd in 1712.

   1844 Mrs. Browning Vis. Poets ccxxvii, He our *pilgrim-poet.

   1618 R. Brathwait Descr. Death xvi, *Pilgrim-remouer that depriues vs sence.

   1768 Baretti Acc. Italy I. 25 That he might not lie‥in beggarly *pilgrim sheets.

   1850 Mrs. Browning Runaway Slave at Pilgrim's Point ii, O *pilgrim-souls, I speak to you!

   1812 S. Rogers Columbus Poems (1839) 41 Oh, had ye vowed with *pilgrim-staff to roam.

   1671 Milton P.R. iv. 427 Till morning fair Came forth with *Pilgrim steps in amice gray.

   1839 Lett. fr. Madras (1843) 252 Do you know that Government has abolished the *pilgrim-tax?

   1824 Montgomery Hymn, ‘Sing we the song of those who stand’ iii, Toil, trial, suffering, still await On earth, the *pilgrim-throng.

   1700 Dryden Charac. Good Parson 1 A parish-priest was of the *pilgrim-train.

   c 1610 Pilgrim's Song in Farr S.P. Jas. I (1848) 110, I am a *pilgrim-warriour bound to fight Under the red crosse, 'gainst my rebell will.

   c 1470 Henry Wallace i. 277 His modyr graithit hir in *pilgrame weid.

   a 1591 H. Smith Wks. (1867) II. 485 In earth, man wanders, *pilgrim-wise.

   1899 Academy 15 July 56/2 Thine [Shakspere's] the shrine more *pilgrim-worn than all The shrines of singers.

b.B.8.b Special Comb. (often with the possessive pilgrim's): pilgrim-bottle, pilgrim's bottle, a flat bottle with a ring on each side of the neck for the insertion of cords by which it may be hung and carried (= costrel1); Pilgrim Fathers (Amer. Hist.): see sense 4; hence pilgrim-fatherly a. nonce-wd. (after fatherly), characteristic of the Pilgrim Fathers; pilgrim's pouch, a variety of pilgrim's sign (q.v.), consisting of a piece of lead or other material in the form of a small pouch; pilgrim's ring, pilgrim-ring (see quot.); †pilgrim-salve, pilgrim's salve, ‘an old ointment, made chiefly of swine's grease and isinglass’ (Halliw.); in quot. 1670 euphemism for ‘ordure, filth’; pilgrim's shell, a cockle- or scallop-shell carried by a pilgrim as a sign of having visited the shrine of St. James of Compostella or some sacred place; also an artificial carved imitation of such a shell; pilgrim's sign, a medal or other small object presented to a pilgrim at a shrine or other sacred place as a sign of his having visited it; pilgrim's vase, a flat vase made in imitation of a pilgrim's bottle.

   1874 Archæol. Jrnl. Dec. 431 Mrs. Baily sent for exhibition two costrels, or *pilgrims' bottles.    1905 H. D. Rolleston Dis. Liver 27 This grooved condition‥has been spoken of as the ‘pilgrim's bottle liver’.

   1883 Freeman Impress. U.S. vii. 64 It sounds, so to speak, ‘*pilgrim⁓fatherly’.

   1877 W. Jones Finger-ring 181 The ‘*pilgrim⁓ring’ of Edward the Confessor‥was in after times preserved with great care.    Ibid. 266 One of the rings given to tourists to the holy city, as a certificate of their visit, and called‥pilgrims' rings.

   c 1580 J. Jeffere Bugbears i. iii. 90 in Archiv Stud. Neu. Spr. (1897) XCVIII. 313 A drane of *pylgrim salve to clap to hiss nosse.    1670 Mod. Acc. Scot. in Harl. Misc. (Park) VI. 137 The whole pavement is pilgrim-salve.    1672 [H. Stubbe] Rosemary & Bayes 18 Cutaneous pustules, for which the pilgrims salve will be necessary.

pilgrimage, noun (ˈpɪlgrɪmɪdʒ)

Forms: 3 pelrimage, pilegrim-, 4 pilgrin-, pylgryn-, 4– pilgrimage, (4–6 pylgrym-, pylgrim-, pilgrym-, pilgrem-, pylgrem-, pelgrymage, 5–6 pil-, pylgramage).

[ME. pelrim- (rarely pelrin-)age, a. OF. pelrim-, pelryn-, pelerinage, also pel(l)egrin-, peligrinage (Godef.), f. peleriner (etc.) vb., to go as a pilgrim: see pilgrim v. and -age. In ME. nearly always with m for original n, and conformed to the contemporary spelling of pilgrim. But Gower has the French form pelrinage (see pelerinage), and MSS. of c 1400 have pilgrin-, pylgrynage, with n.]

1. a.1.a A journey made by a pilgrim; a journey (usually of considerable duration) made to some sacred place, as an act of religious devotion; the action of taking such a journey. Phr. to go on (†in, †a) pilgrimage.

   c 1250 O. Kent. Serm. in O.E. Misc. 28 Si Mirre signefiet[h] uastinge for þo luue of gode‥go ine pelrimage‥and to do alle þe gode þet me may do for godes luue.    c 1290 S. Eng. Leg. I. 40/200 A gret pilegrimage it is i-holde‥To sechen þat ilke holie stude þare seint Iemes bones beothþ.    Ibid. 473/391 To don þis pelrimage ȝwy raddest thou me?    c 1315 Shoreham i. 1028 Pelgrymage and beddyng hard, Flesch fram lykynge to arere.    c 1325 Metr. Hom. 54, I mac mi vaiage Til sain Jam in pilgrimage.    c 1386 Chaucer Prol. 21 In Southwerk at the Tabard as I lay, Redy to wenden on my pilgrymage To Caunterbury with ful deuout corage.    c 1400 Titus & Vespasian (Roxb.) 837 Þus bygan her pilgrinage [v.r. pylgrynage].    c 1400 Destr. Troy 2022 When þai hade‥Perfourmet þere pilgramage, prayers and all.    c 1450 tr. De Imitatione i. xxiii. 31 Þey þat gon muche a pilgrymage are but seldom þe holier.    1553 T. Wilson Rhet. (1580) 177 All Englande reioyseth that Pilgrimage is banished, and Idolatrie for euer abolished.    1631 Weever Anc. Fun. Mon. 202 To this new shrined Martyr, people‥flocked in pilgrimage.    1703 Maundrell Journ. Jerus. (1732) 1 It was to my purpose to undertake this Pilgrimage.    1844 H. H. Wilson Brit. India III. iii. v. 215 After a visit to Calcutta, and a pilgrimage to Mecca,‥Syed Ahmed returned‥to the Upper Provinces.

b.1.b transf. or gen. A journey; a travelling about, peregrination; sojourning. Now with allusion to prec. sense: A journey undertaken for some pious purpose, or to visit a place held in honour from association with some person or event.

   13‥ Cursor M. 2659 (Cott.) Þat þou has had in pelrimage [Fairf. pilgrimage] Þine sal it haue in heritage, Al þe kyngrike o þis land.    1387 Trevisa Higden (Rolls) III. 287 Oon axede of Socrates why pilgremages [L. perigrinationes] stood hym to no profit.    1483 Caxton (title) The Pylgremage of the sowle. (Colophon) Here endeth the dreme of pylgremage of the soule.    1582 Stanyhurst Æneis ii. (Arb.) 68 Thow must with surges bee banged and pilgrimage yrcksoom.    1596 Shakes. Merch. V. i. i. 120 Tel me now, what Lady is the same To whom you swore a secret Pilgrimage.    1694 Scottow Plant. Mass. Col. Mass. Hist. Coll. (1858) IV. 306 Thus far of the Light and white side of the Pillar, which attended us in this our Wilderness Pilgrimage.    1797 Mrs. Radcliffe Italian xii, Theirs seem a pilgrimage of pleasure.    1849 Macaulay Hist. Eng. iii. I. 337 The library, the museum, the aviary, and the botanical garden of Sir Thomas Browne, were thought by Fellows of the Royal Society well worthy of a long pilgrimage.

c.1.c fig. The course of mortal life figured as a journey, or a ‘sojourn in the flesh’, esp. as a journey to a future state of rest or blessedness.

   a 1340 Hampole Psalter lxiv. 1 Haly saules þat turnys fra pilgrymage of þis life til endles gladnes.    1340 ― Pr. Consc. 1395 Þis world es þe way and passage, Þurgh whilk lyes our pilgrimage.    c 1430 Lydg. Min. Poems (Percy Soc.) 101 Gyven to man here in oure pilgremage.    1526 Pilgr. Perf. (W. de W. 1531) 1 This treatyse called the pilgrymage of perfeccion, is‥diuyded in to thre bokes.    1526 Tindale 1 Pet. i. 17 Se that ye passe the tyme off your pilgremage [παροικίας, Wycl. pilgrimage, Geneva dwelling, Rhem. peregrination, 1611 soiourning] in feare.    1736–7 Doddridge Hymn, ‘Oh God of Bethel’ i, Who thro' this weary Pilgrimage Hast all our Fathers led.    1859 Geo. Eliot A. Bede iv, That his mother might be‥comforted by his presence all the days of her pilgrimage.

d.1.d Pilgrimage of (†for) Grace, in Eng. Hist., the name assumed for their movement by those who rose in the North of England in 1536 in opposition to the dissolution of the monasteries and other features of the Reformation.

   1536 Lett. & Papers Hen. VIII, XI. 304 By all the whole consent of the herdmen of this our pilgrimage for grace.    [Ibid. 305 Crist crucifyid, For thy woundes wide, Us commons guyde, Which pilgrimes be Thrughe Godes grace.]    a 1548 Hall Chron., Hen. VIII 230 b, They named this there sedicious and traiterous voiage, an holye and blessed Pilgrimage.    1601 Stow Ann. 967 (marg. Oth of the rebels in Yorke-shire.) Yee shall not enter into this your pilgrimage of grace for the common wealth onely, but for the loue that you do beare to Gods faith and the church militant [etc.].    1823 Lingard Hist. Eng. VI. 331 Their enterprise was quaintly termed the pilgrimage of grace: on their banners were painted the image of Christ crucified, and the chalice and host.

2.2 transf. A place to which a pilgrimage is made.

   1517 R. Torkington Pilgr. (1884) 56 Som visited pylgrymages.    1529 More Dyaloge i. Wks. 145/1 To‥doo honour to their reliques, & visit pilgrimages.    1680 Morden Geog. Rect., Germany (1685) 125 Seckavar‥a Bishops See and Cell are of the greatest Pilgrimages in the Austrian Territory.    1864 Neale in Ecclesiologist XXV. 102 The chapel of S. Odele in Auvergne, a great pilgrimage.

3.3 attrib. pilgrimage church, town, village, etc., a church, town, village, etc., to which pilgrimages are made.

   1719 J. T. Philipps tr. Thirty-four Confer. 92 How long they had lead that Pilgrimage State of Life?    1773 J. Conder Let. in Evang. Mag. (1813) XXI. 92 In your pilgrimage⁓course live above, and live on Him who lives above.    1889 L. T. Smith tr. Jusserand's Eng. Wayfaring Life in Middle Ages iii. iii. 348 It was‥a town of inns and churches, as pilgrimage towns have generally been.    1897 Daily News 30 Sept. 6/2 It [Kano] is on the pilgrimage route.    1908 Westm. Gaz. 28 July 8/2 [They] paid a visit to the picturesque pilgrimage village of Sainte Anne de Beaupré.    Ibid., His Royal Highness alighted and proceeded to enter the Pilgrimage Church, the steps of which were crowded with cripples and pilgrims.    1935 Burlington Mag. Oct. 183/1 The great aisled transept [of Laon cathedral], she derives from the so-called ‘pilgrimage churches’ of which much has been written in recent years.

ˈpilgrim, verb [f. prec. n. Cf. OF. peleriner, Ger. pilgern.]

intr. To be, or act as becomes, a pilgrim; to make a pilgrimage, go on pilgrimage; to travel or wander like a pilgrim. Also to pilgrim it. Hence ˈpilgriming vbl. n. and ppl. a.

   [1561 Chaucer's Wks. 285 b (Test. Love i. Prol.), Whan I pilgramed [ed. 1532 pilgrymaged] out of my kithe in wintere.]    1681 Grew Musæum i. 176 The Palmer-worm, Ambulo‥pilgrims up and down every where, feeding upon all sorts of Plants.    1827 Carlyle Germ. Rom. III. 154 He pilgrimed to his old sporting-places.    1831 ― Sart. Res. ii. vii, His mad Pilgrimings, and general solution into aimless Discontinuity.    1864 Burton Scot Abr. II. ii. 184 With my staff in my hand I pilgrim'd it away all alone.

ˈpilgrimage, verb [f. prec. n.]

†1.1 intr. To sojourn, to live among strangers.

   1382 Wyclif 2 Kings viii. 2 And gooynge with hyre hous [she] pylgrymagid in the lond of Phylisteis many dayes.    ― Jer. xxxv. 7 That ȝee lyue manye daȝes vpon the face of the lond, in which ȝee pilgrimagen.    1387–8 T. Usk Test. Love i. Prol., in Chaucer's Wks. (1532), As they me betiden whan I pilgrymaged out of my kyth in wynter.    1669 Penn No Cross Wks. 1782 II. 356 [Moses] chuses rather to sojourn and pilgrimage with the despised afflicted, tormented Israelites in the wilderness.

2.2 intr. To make a pilgrimage; to go on pilgrimage. Also to pilgrimage it.

   1621 Bp. R. Montagu Diatribæ 496 It is arbitrary‥vnto what Shrine‥they will giue: vnto whom they will pilgrimage it.    1647 R. Stapylton Juvenal vi. 555 T' Egypt she'll pilgrimage, at Meroe fill Warme drops to sprinkle Isis Temple.    1829 Lamb Let. to B. Barton 25 Mar., Who‥of us that never pilgrimaged to Rome?    1883 G. Stephens Bugge's Stud. N. Mythol. 56 Christians in the West early pilgrimaged to the Holy Land.

Hence ˈpilgrimaging vbl. n. and ppl. a.; also ˈpilgrimager, one who pilgrimages, a pilgrim.

   c 1449 Pecock Repr. ii. xiv. 195 The seid pilgrimaging.    1591 in Row Hist. Kirk (Wodrow Soc.) 142 Sayers and hearers of mass, pilgrimagers, papisticall magistrats.    1693 tr. Emilianne's Hist. Monast. Ord. iii. 274 The Women who went thither a Pilgrimaging.    1731 Gentl. Mag. I. 321 A late Edict of the French King to forbid Pilgrimaging.    a 1819 Wolcott (P. Pindar) Wks. (1830) 186 (D.) Like pilgrimaging rats, Unawed by mortals, and unscared by cats.    1898 M. P. Shiel Yellow Danger 266 Each of these pilgrimaging masses of men was in itself a nation.




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